How Do Eye Infections Develop?
The two primary causes of an eye infection are either a virus or foreign bacteria. There are other possibilities such as a fungal infection, but they tend to be rare compared to viruses and bacteria. An infection can occur in multiple places on the eye. Common areas tend to include the inside of the eyelid, tear ducts, the sclera, the cornea, and the external area of the eyelid. Bacteria tend to grow on their own after finding their ideal environment. Viruses need a host to live and use the body’s cells to survive. It is important to distinguish what kind of eye infection you have to properly treat the problem.
Common Eye Infections
Pink Eye – Pink eye, also known as conjunctivitis, is one of the more common eye infections. The cause of the infection can be anything from allergies to swimming in a pool. Since pink eye is a viral infection, it can be spread from person to person. If you do have conjunctivitis, you will want to avoid interacting with others until the infection is under control.
Stye – A stye develops when oil glands along the eyelid margin get clogged and infected. A tender bump or sore will form along the eyelid. It can form externally along the eyelash or internally somewhere in the eyelid. A stye is a bacterial infection and normally isn't contagious. Our optometrist may prescribe oral antibiotics to decrease the inflammation and warm compresses to improve the swelling.
Keratitis – Keratitis is similar to pink eye but affects the cornea. When your cornea becomes infected you may struggle seeing or experience pain in your eye. You may also experience redness or a swelling.
Treating Eye Infections
At Forest Creek Eye Center, our optometrists regularly see eye infections and eye injuries. Thankfully, most eye infections are minor and can be cleared up with proper treatment.
Contact our office at at (512) 341-2020 to see how we can provide quality treatment for your eye infection as soon as possible.